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The influence of soil salinization on land use changes in azov district of Rostov oblast

Rukhovich, D. I., Simakova, M. S., Kulyanitsa, A. L., Bryzzhev, A. V., Koroleva, P. V., Kalinina, N. V., Chernousenko, G. I., Vil’chevskaya, E. V., Dolinina, E. A., Rukhovich, S. V.
Eurasian soil science 2017 v.50 no.3 pp. 276-295
ecosystems, land use change, meadows, monitoring, planting, shelterbelts, soil, soil salinization, Russia
A retrospective monitoring of changes in land use on cultivated salt-affected soils of Azov district in Rostov oblast for a period from 1968 to 2013 was performed within the framework of the creation of a problem- oriented system of retrospective monitoring of the soil cover and land uses. A higher dynamism of land uses on salt-affected soils in comparison with that on nonsaline soils was shown. A decisive role of the anthropogenic factor in the increasing soil salinization in the region was established. The areas of meadow ecosystems with participation of salt-affected soils considerably increased at the end of the 1960s–the beginning of the 1970s. It is argued that their development with a corresponding worsening of the salt status of regional soils was initiated by the wide-scale planting of shelterbelts in the 1940s and 1950s.