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Inter-seasonal and spatial distribution of ground-level greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) over Nagpur in India and their management roadmap
- Majumdar, Deepanjan, Rao, Padma, Maske, Nilam
- Environmental monitoring and assessment 2017 v.189 no.3 pp. 121
- carbon dioxide, environmental management, gases, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, methane, nitrous oxide, summer, traffic, winter, India
- Ground-level concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO₂), methane (CH₄), and nitrous oxide (N₂O) were monitored over three seasons, i.e., post-monsoon (September–October), winter (January–February), and summer (May–June) for 1 year during 2013–2014 in Nagpur City in India. The selected gases had moderate to high variation both spatially (residential, commercial, traffic intersections, residential cum commercial sites) and temporally (at 7:00, 13:00, 18:00, and 23:00 hours in all three seasons). Concentrations of gases were randomly distributed diurnally over city in all seasons, and there was no specific increasing or decreasing trend with time in a day. Average CO₂ and N₂O concentrations in winter were higher over post-monsoon and summer while CH₄ had highest average concentration in summer. Observed concentrations of CO₂ were predominantly above global average of 400 ppmv while N₂O and CH₄ concentrations frequently dropped down below global average of 327 ppbv and 1.8 ppmv, respectively. Two-tailed Student’s t test indicated that post-monsoon CO₂ concentrations were statistically different from summer but not so from winter, while difference between summer and winter concentrations was statistically significant (P < 0.05). CH₄ concentrations in all seasons were statistically at par to each other. In case of N₂O, concentrations in post-monsoon were statistically different from summer but not so from winter, while difference between summer and winter concentrations was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Average ground-level concentrations of the gases calculated for three seasons together were higher in commercial areas. Environmental management priorities vis a vis greenhouse gas emissions in the city are also discussed.