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Combined use of biocontrol agents and zeolite as a management strategy against Fusarium and Verticillium wilt
- Kefalogianni, Io, Gkizi, Danai, Pappa, Eugenia, Dulaj, Lorela, Tjamos, Sotirios E., Chatzipavlidis, Iordanis
- BioControl 2017 v.62 no.2 pp. 139-150
- Bacillus (bacteria), Fusarium oxysporum, Verticillium dahliae, Verticillium wilt, biological control agents, chemical control, composting, cotton, crops, eggplants, gene expression regulation, genes, melons, pathogens, soil, zeolites
- Vascular wilt pathogens, like Fusarium oxysporum and Verticillium dahliae, cause heavy economic loses to a range of crops. The lack of chemical control intensifies the problem. In the present study, the initial in vitro activity of 134 bacterial isolates, originating from various stages of the composting process of cotton residues, against F. oxysporum f. sp. melonis (FOM) and V. dahliae was evaluated. The most efficient strains, named SP10 and C20 M, belong to Bacillus sp. Both strains significantly reduced Fusarium and Vertilicillium wilt in melon and aubergine respectively. Furthermore, zeolite was tested alone or in combination with SP10 against V. dahliae and FOM. It was shown that the combination of zeolite and SP10 in the transplant soil plug was the most disease suppressive treatment. Interestingly the single application of zeolite was also plant-protective. The positive effect of zeolite on plant health could be linked with the recorded up-regulation of plant defense genes.