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Optimizing Phosphoric Acid plus Hydrogen Peroxide (PHP) Pretreatment on Wheat Straw by Response Surface Method for Enzymatic Saccharification

Qiu, Jingwen, Wang, Qing, Shen, Fei, Yang, Gang, Zhang, Yanzong, Deng, Shihuai, Zhang, Jing, Zeng, Yongmei, Song, Chun
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2017 v.181 no.3 pp. 1123-1139
cellulose, enzymatic hydrolysis, glucose, hemicellulose, hydrogen peroxide, lignin, phosphoric acid, response surface methodology, saccharification, temperature, wheat straw
Wheat straw was pretreated by phosphoric acid plus hydrogen peroxide (PHP), in which temperature, time, and H₃PO₄ proportion for pretreatment were investigated by using response surface method. Results indicated that hemicellulose and lignin removal positively responded to the increase of pretreatment temperature, H₃PO₄ proportion, and time. H₃PO₄ proportion was the most important variable to control cellulose recovery, followed by pretreatment temperature and time. Moreover, these three variables all negatively related to cellulose recovery. Increasing H₃PO₄ proportion can improve enzymatic hydrolysis; however, reduction on cellulose recovery results in decrease of glucose yield. Extra high temperature or long time for pretreatment was not beneficial to enzymatic hydrolysis and glucose yield. Based on the criterion for minimizing H₃PO₄ usage and maximizing glucose yield, the optimized pretreatment conditions was 40 °C, 2.0 h, and H₃PO₄ proportion of 70.2 % (H₂O₂ proportion of 5.2 %), by which glucose yielded 299 mg/g wheat straw (946.2 mg/g cellulose) after 72-h enzymatic hydrolysis.