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Wood decaying properties of the termite mushroom Termitomyces eurrhizus
- Ono, Kazuko, Hata, Toshimitsu, Yoshimura, Tsuyoshi, Kinjo, Kazuhiko
- Journal of wood science 2017 v.63 no.1 pp. 83-94
- Coriolus versicolor, Fomitopsis palustris, Isoptera, Termitomyces, brown-rot fungi, chemical analysis, decayed wood, hardwood, heartwood, mushrooms, sapwood, softwood, white-rot fungi, Japan
- Four strains of the termite mushroom Termitomyces eurrhizus collected in Japan were surveyed for their wood decaying properties in three softwood and two hardwood species, in comparison with the white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor and the brown-rot fungus Fomitopsis palustris. All strains of T. eurrhizus degraded only the surfaces of the wood samples, and differences in mass-loss rates between heartwood and sapwood were generally not significant. Higher mass-loss rates were generally obtained in softwood than in hardwood. The results of chemical analyses of decayed wood samples indicated that T. eurrhizus does not have high lignin-degradation ability, even though it is categorized as a white-rot fungus. These results clearly suggest the unique physiological characteristics of T. eurrhizus.