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Accumulation of foreign polypeptides to rice seed protein body type I using prolamin portion sequences
- Sasou, Ai, Shigemitsu, Takanari, Morita, Shigeto, Masumura, Takehiro
- Plant cell reports 2017 v.36 no.3 pp. 481-491
- Oryza sativa, conserved sequences, disulfide bonds, endoplasmic reticulum, hydrophobicity, methionine, polypeptides, prolamins, protein bodies, rice, transgenic plants
- KEY MESSAGE : Rice prolamins are accumulated in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived proteins bodies, although conserved sequences retained in ER are not confirmed. We investigated portion sequences of prolamins that must accumulate in PB-Is. Rice seed prolamins are accumulated in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived protein body type I (PB-I), but ER retention sequences in rice prolamin polypeptides have not been confirmed. Here we investigated the lengths of the prolamin portion sequences required for accumulation in PB-Is. Of the rice prolamins, we compared 13a and 13b prolamins because the amino acid sequences of these prolamins are quite similar except for the presence or absence of Cys-residues. We also generated and analyzed transgenic rice expressing several prolamin portion sequence-GFP fusion proteins. We observed that in 13a prolamin, when the portion sequences were extended more than the 68th amino acid residue from the initiating methionine, the prolamin portion sequence-GFP fusion proteins were accumulated in PB-Is. In 13b prolamin, when the portion sequences were extended by more than the 82nd amino acid residue from the initiating methionine, the prolamin portion sequence-GFP fusion proteins were accumulated in PB-Is. When those fusion proteins were extracted under non-reduced or reduced conditions, the 13a prolamin portion sequence-GFP fusion proteins in PB-Is were soluble under only the reduced condition. In contrast, 13b prolamin portion sequence-GFP fusion proteins were soluble under both non-reduced and reduced conditions. These results suggest that the accumulation of 13a prolamin in PB-Is is associated with the formation of disulfide bonds and/or hydrophobicity in 13a prolamin polypeptide, whereas the accumulation of 13b prolamin in PB-Is was less involved in the formation of disulfide bonds.