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Evaluation of the protective effect of pVAX-EtMIC3-recombined plasmid against E. tenella in chicken

Wang, Xin-qiu, Wu, Lin-lin, Gao, Yan, Zhang, Yuan, Weng, Ya-Biao, Lin, Rui-Qing
Parasitology research 2017 v.116 no.3 pp. 1023-1028
Eimeria tenella, Protozoa, antibodies, chickens, coccidiosis, cytokines, economic impact, feces, immune response, intestines, lymphocyte proliferation, oocysts, parasites, plasmids, protective effect, recombinant vaccines, survival rate
Coccidiosis caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Eimeria has a severe economic impact on commercial production worldwide. Micronemes of Eimeria play important roles in invading intestinal cell processes. In this study, the DNA vaccine expressing Eimeria tenella microneme protein 3 (EtMIC3) was constructed to evaluate its immune protective effect against E. tenella infection in chickens. The results demonstrated that chickens immunized with pVAX-EtMIC3 produced strong immune responses in the body, as shown by significant lymphocyte proliferation, cytokine production, and antibody responses. The average body weight gains of chickens in all the vaccinated groups were higher than those of non-vaccinated and challenged groups. In general, oocyst shedding was reduced, and bloody feces and gut lesion scores decreased. In addition, the survival rate of the immunized chickens increased compared to that of the unvaccinated and challenged control chickens. In summary, this study indicated that pVAX-EtMIC3 could induce protective immune effects against coccidiosis and that EtMIC3 is a potential vaccine candidate against coccidiosis.