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Agroecology as a Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for Smallholders of Tehri-Garhwal in the Indian Himalayan Region

Pandey, Rajiv, Aretano, Roberta, Gupta, Ajay K., Meena, Dhanraj, Kumar, Bhuvnesh, Alatalo, Juha M.
Small-scale forestry 2017 v.16 no.1 pp. 53-63
agroecology, agroforestry, climate change, crop yield, cropping systems, ecosystem services, farmers, forest products, forests, issues and policy, livelihood, rain, species diversity, surveys, temperature, Himalayan region, India
Climate change is expected to increase temperatures and rainfall in the Himalayan region and place stress on local livelihoods by affecting agro-biodiversity, crop yield, cropping patterns and the species composition of forests. This paper reports findings of a survey of farmers into the role of agroforestry or ‘agroecological intensification’ for reducing climate change vulnerability. The survey was conducted in the Tehri-Garhwal district of Uttarakhand, a Himalayan State of India. Existing traditional agroforestry was found to provide ecosystem services to farmers at various scales ranging from the global to household level, contributing to the livelihoods and resilience of the farmers to climate change. The strategies of farmers for adaptating to climate change include adoption of agroforestry due to its diversified agricultural and forest products and services. The analysis suggests that policies should consider agroforestry as a tool for improving the livelihood and resilience to climate change of farmers.