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Polar lipid composition of bioactive dairy co-products buttermilk and butterserum: Emphasis on sphingolipid and ceramide isoforms

Bourlieu, Claire, Cheillan, David, Blot, Marielle, Daira, Patricia, Trauchessec, Michèle, Ruet, Séverine, Gassi, Jean-Yves, Beaucher, Eric, Robert, Benoit, Leconte, Nadine, Bouhallab, Saïd, Gaucheron, Frédéric, Gésan-Guiziou, Geneviève, Michalski, Marie-Caroline
Food chemistry 2018 v.240 pp. 67-74
butter, buttermilk, ceramides, cholesterol, coproducts, fatty acids, high performance liquid chromatography, ingredients, lipid composition, milk fat, nutrition, phosphatidylcholines, sphingomyelins, tandem mass spectrometry
Bioactive lipids of the milk fat globule membrane become concentrated in two co-products of the butter industry, buttermilk and butterserum. Their lipid composition is detailed here with special emphasis on sphingolipid composition of nutritional interest, determined using GC, HPLC and tandem mass spectrometry. Butterserum was 2.5 times more concentrated in total fat than buttermilk, with 7.7±1.5vs 19.5±2.9wt% and even more concentrated in polar lipids, with 1.4±0.2vs 8.5±1.1wt%. Both ingredients constitute concentrated sources of sphingomyelin (3.4–21mg/g dry matter) and contained low amounts of bioactive ceramides in a ratio to sphingomyelin of 1:5mol% in buttermilk and 1:10mol% in butterserum. Compared to other natural lecithins, these two co-products are rich in long and saturated fatty acids (C22:0-C24:0), contain cholesterol and could have interesting applications in neonatal nutrition, but also as brain-protective, hepatoprotective and cholesterol lowering ingredients.