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Complete genome sequence of Bacillus velezensis S3-1, a potential biological pesticide with plant pathogen inhibiting and plant promoting capabilities

Jin, Qing, Jiang, Qiuyue, Zhao, Lei, Su, Cuizhu, Li, Songshuo, Si, Fangyi, Li, Shanshan, Zhou, Chenhao, Mu, Yonglin, Xiao, Ming
Journal of biotechnology 2017
agricultural industry, antibiotics, biopesticides, chromosomes, cucumbers, iturin, multigene family, nucleotide sequences, plant growth, plant pathogens, plasmids, rhizosphere, ribosomal RNA, soil, soil microorganisms, surfactin, transfer RNA
Antagonistic soil microorganisms, which are non-toxic, harmless non-pollutants, can effectively reduce the density of pathogenic species by some ways. Bacillus velezensis strain S3-1 was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of cucumber, and was shown to inhibit plant pathogens, promote plant growth and efficiently colonize rhizosphere soils. The strain produced 13 kinds of lipopeptide antibiotics, belonging to the surfactin, iturin and fengycin families. Here, we presented the complete genome sequence of S3-1. The genome consists of one chromosome without plasmids and also contains the biosynthetic gene cluster that encodes difficidin, macrolactin, surfactin and fengycin. The genome contains 86 tRNA genes, 27 rRNA genes and 57 antibiotic-related genes. The complete genome sequence of B. velezensis S3-1 provides useful information to further detect the molecular mechanisms behind antifungal actions, and will facilitate its potential as a biological pesticide in the agricultural industry.