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Impact of Poultry Manure and NPK Fertilizer On Soil Physical Properties and Growth and Yield of Carrot
- Agbede, Taiwo Michael, Adekiya, Aruna Olasekan, Eifediyi, Ehiokhilen Kevin
- Journal of Horticultural Research 2017 v.25 no.1 pp. 81-88
- Daucus carota, NPK fertilizers, carrots, crop yield, fertilizer application, field experimentation, horticulture, leaves, plant growth, plant height, porosity, potassium fertilizers, poultry manure, soil density, soil temperature, soil water content, Nigeria
- A field experiment was conducted in the forest-savanna transition zone of Nigeria from May to July 2014 and September to November 2015 to determine the impacts of poultry manure (PM) and NPK fertilizer on soil physical properties, and growth and yield of carrot (Daucus carota L.). The five treatments included no manure or fertilizer (control); 10, 20, and 30 megagrams (Mg)·ha⁻¹ of PM; and 300 kg·ha⁻¹ of 15 N-15 P-15 K fertilizer. All levels of PM reduced soil bulk density and temperature, and improved total porosity and moisture content compared to the NPK fertilizer and the control. Plant height, number of leaves, root diameter, root length, and fresh root yield in the PM and NPK fertilizer treatments were improved compared to the control. Growth and yield parameters of carrot plants treated with 20 and 30 Mg·ha⁻¹ PM were higher than the other treatments. The 10 Mg·ha⁻¹ PM and NPK fertilizer treatments produced similar growth and yield responses. There was an interaction for year (Y) × fertilizer (F) on plant height, number of leaves, and fresh root yield. Relative to the control 10, 20, or 30 Mg·ha⁻¹ PM and NPK fertilizer increased fresh root yield of carrot by 39.9%, 62.0%, 64.9%, and 37.3%, respectively. The 20 Mg·ha⁻¹ PM treatment best improved soil properties and carrot productivity as indicated by the benefit-to-cost ratio.