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Mesorhizobium bacterial strains isolated from the legume Lotus corniculatus are an alternative source for the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) to obtain bioplastics

Marcos-García, Marta, García-Fraile, Paula, Filipová, Alena, Menéndez, Esther, Mateos, Pedro F., Velázquez, Encarna, Cajthaml, Tomáš, Rivas, Raúl
Environmental science and pollution research international 2017 v.24 no.21 pp. 17436-17445
3-hydroxybutyric acid, Lotus corniculatus, Mesorhizobium, biodegradability, bioplastics, energy, legumes, microorganisms, phylogeny, polyhydroxyalkanoates
Polyhydroxyalkanoic acids (PHAs) are natural polyesters that can be used to produce bioplastics which are biodegradable. Numerous microorganisms accumulate PHAs as energy reserves. Combinations of different PHAs monomers lead to the production of bioplastics with very different properties. In the present work, we show the capability of strains belonging to various phylogenetic lineages within the genus Mesorhizobium, isolated from Lotus corniculatus nodules, to produce different PHA monomers. Among our strains, we found the production of 3-hydroxybutyrate, 3-hydroxyvalerate, 3-hydroxydodecanoate, and 3-hydroxyhexadecanoate. Most of the PHA-positive strains were phylogenetically related to the species M. jarvisii. However, our findings suggest that the ability to produce different monomers forming PHAs is strain-dependent.