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Removal of cationic pollutants from water by xanthated corn cob: optimization, kinetics, thermodynamics, and prediction of purification process

Kostić, Miloš, Đorđević, Miloš, Mitrović, Jelena, Velinov, Nena, Bojić, Danijela, Antonijević, Milan, Bojić, Aleksandar
Environmental science and pollution research international 2017 v.24 no.21 pp. 17790-17804
aqueous solutions, biosorption, chromium, corn cobs, industry, ions, methylene blue, models, pH, pollutants, prediction, purification methods, river water, sorbents, thermodynamics, wastewater
The removal of Cr(III) ions and methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solutions by xanthated corn cob (xCC) in batch conditions was investigated. The sorption capacity of xCC strongly depended of the pH, and increase when the pH rises. The kinetics was well fitted by pseudo-second-order and Chrastil’s model. Sorption of Cr(III) ions and MB on xCC was rapid during the first 20 min of contact time and, thereafter, the biosorption rate decrease gradually until reaching equilibrium. The maximum sorption capacity of 17.13 and 83.89 mg g⁻¹ for Cr(III) ions and MB, respectively, was obtained at 40 °C, pH 5, and sorbent dose 4 g dm⁻³ for removal of Cr(III) ions and 1 g dm⁻³ for removal of MB. The prediction of purification process was successfully carried out, and the verification of theoretically calculated amounts of sorbent was confirmed by using packed-bed column laboratory system with recirculation of the aqueous phase. The wastewater from chrome plating industry was successfully purified, i.e., after 40 min concentration of Cr(III) ions was decreased lower than 0.1 mg dm⁻³. Also, removal of MB from the river water was successfully carried out and after 40 min, removal efficiency was about 94%.