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Degradation of metaldehyde in water by nanoparticle catalysts and powdered activated carbon

Li, Zhuojun, Kim, Jong Kyu, Chaudhari, Vrushali, Mayadevi, Suseeladevi, Campos, Luiza C.
Environmental science and pollution research international 2017 v.24 no.21 pp. 17861-17873
activated carbon, adsorption, aqueous solutions, catalysts, drinking water, equations, metaldehyde, models, nanoparticles, oxidation, pesticides, photocatalysis, sorption isotherms, titanium dioxide, ultraviolet radiation, United Kingdom
Metaldehyde, an organic pesticide widely used in the UK, has been detected in drinking water in the UK with a low concentration (<1 μg L⁻¹) which is still above the European and UK standard requirements. This paper investigates the efficiency of four materials: powdered activated carbon (PAC) and carbon-doped titanium dioxide nanocatalyst with different concentrations of carbon (C-1.5, C-40, and C-80) for metaldehyde removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption and oxidation via photocatalysis. PAC was found to be the most effective material which showed almost over 90% removal. Adsorption data were well fitted to the Langmuir isotherm model, giving a q ₘ (maximum/saturation adsorption capacity) value of 32.258 mg g⁻¹ and a K L (Langmuir constant) value of 2.013 L mg⁻¹. In terms of kinetic study, adsorption of metaldehyde by PAC fitted well with a pseudo-second-order equation, giving the adsorption rate constant k ₂ value of 0.023 g mg⁻¹ min⁻¹, implying rapid adsorption. The nanocatalysts were much less effective in oxidising metaldehyde than PAC with the same metaldehyde concentration and 0.2 g L⁻¹ loading concentration of materials under UV light; the maximum removal achieved by carbon-doped titanium dioxide (C-1.5) nanocatalyst was around 15% for a 7.5 ppm metaldehyde solution. Graphical abstract ᅟ