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Changes of erythrocyte-metric parameters in Pelophylax ridibundus (Amphibia: Anura: Ranidae) inhabiting water bodies with different types of anthropogenic pollution in Southern Bulgaria
- Zhelev, Zhivko, Popgeorgiev, Georgi, Ivanov, Ivan, Boyadzhiev, Peter
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2017 v.24 no.21 pp. 17920-17934
- Pelophylax, basins, erythrocytes, frogs, heavy metals, pollution, rivers, sewage, surface water, toxic substances, Bulgaria
- The article presents the basic erythrocyte-metric parameters: cell length (EL) and width (EW), EL/EW, erythrocyte size (ES), nucleus length (NL) and width (NW), NL/NW, nucleus size (NS) and nucleocytoplasmic ratio (NS/ES) in the wild populations of marsh frogs Pelophylax ridibundus from five water bodies in Southern Bulgaria (two rivers and three reservoirs) with different degrees and types of anthropogenic pollution (less disrupted water basins, domestic sewage pollution and heavy metal pollution). The changes in erythrocyte-metric parameters depend on concentrations and types of toxicant and, to a lesser extent, on the type of water basin. We found that when P. ridibundus populations live in conditions of domestic sewage pollution, EL, EW and ES increase in comparison with the control samples, with regard to an elongated elliptical cell shape. Simultaneously, NL, NW and NS did not undergo any significant changes when compared with the control samples. The nuclei had elliptical shape. In the populations from the water basins with heavy metal pollution, EL, EW, ES, NL, NW and NS decreased. The cells and nuclei had a circular shape. NS/ES decreased when compared with the control sample, regardless of the type of toxicants.