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Effects of ozonation, powdered activated carbon adsorption, and coagulation on the removal of disinfection by-product precursors in reservoir water
- Wang, Feng, Gao, Baoyu, Yue, Qinyan, Bu, Fan, Shen, Xue
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2017 v.24 no.21 pp. 17945-17954
- activated carbon, adsorption, byproducts, coagulation, disinfection, dissolved organic matter, ozonation, ozone, toxicity
- Effects of ozonation and powdered activated carbon on removal of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and disinfection by-product (DBP) in reservoir water were intensively investigated in this study. Both the formation of carbonaceous DBP (C-DBP) and nitrogenous DBP (N-DBP) as well as their speciation were analyzed. Results exhibited that the addition of powdered activated carbon (PAC) greatly improved the removal of aromatic protein. Trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetonitriles (HANs) were the dominant species in C-DBP and N-DBP. The integrated coagulation and PAC processes could remove more than 70% of THMs and 93% of HANs precursors, while only 10.5 and 45% of capture were achieved by the single coagulation. The added ozone lowered the yields of HANs but synchronously increased the more toxic bromine-containing THMs from 78.5 to 128.1 μg/L. Kinetics parameters for THM formation indicated that the precursor creating the THMs fast could be easily removed by both the coagulation and PAC adsorption.