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The ECF sigma factor, PSPTO_1043, in Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 is induced by oxidative stress and regulates genes involved in oxidative stress response

Bronwyn G. Butcher, Zhongmeng Bao, Janet Wilson, Paul Stodghill, Bryan Swingle, Melanie Filiatrault, David Schneider, Samuel Cartinhour
Plos One 2017 v.12 no.7 pp. -
DNA-directed RNA polymerase, Parvibaculum, Phaeospirillum, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, Rhodospirillum, bacterial proteins, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, oxidative stress, photosynthesis, plant pathogenic bacteria, promoter regions, sigma factors, singlet oxygen, stress response
The bacterial plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae adapts to changes in the environment by modifying its gene expression profile. In many cases, the response is mediated by the activation of extracytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factors that direct RNA polymerase to transcribe specific sets of genes. In this study we focus on PSPTO_1043, one of ten ECF sigma factors in P. syringae pv. tomato DC3000 (DC3000). PSPTO_1043, together with PSPTO_1042, encode an RpoERsp/ChrR-like sigma/anti-sigma factor pair. Although this gene pair is unique to the P. syringae group among the pseudomonads, homologous genes can be found in photosynthetic genera such as Rhodospirillum, Thalassospira, Phaeospirillum and Parvibaculum. Using ChIP-Seq, we detected 137 putative PSPTO_1043 binding sites and identified a likely promoter motif. We characterized 13 promoter candidates, six of which regulate genes that appear to be found only in P. syringae. PSPTO_1043 responds to the presence of singlet oxygen (1O2) and tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBOOH) and several of the genes regulated by PSPTO_1043 appear to be involved in response to oxidative stress.