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Analysis of a Multimode Plasmonic Nanolaser with an Inhomogeneous Distribution of Molecular Emitters
- Zhang, Yuan, Mølmer, Klaus
- The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2017 v.121 no.28 pp. 15339-15347
- energy, gold, physical chemistry
- We extend Lamb’s reduced density matrix laser theory to analyze the inhomogeneous molecular couplings and the mode correlation in a plasmonic nanolaser consisting of a gold sphere and many dye molecules interacting with a driving optical field and with the quantized plasmon modes. The molecular inhomogeneity is accounted for by simulating their random distribution around the sphere. Our analysis shows that in order to obtain lasing we must employ a large number of strongly driven molecules to compensate strong damping of the plasmon modes. The compact molecular arrangement, however, can lead to molecular energy shifts and thus reduces the excitation of the plasmon modes and ultimately suggests a maximum limit for the plasmon excitation in any specific system.