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Surface Glycoproteins of Exosomes Shed by Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells Contribute to Function

Author:
Chauhan, Sitara, Danielson, Steven, Clements, Virginia, Edwards, Nathan, Ostrand-Rosenberg, Suzanne, Fenselau, Catherine
Source:
Journal of Proteome Research 2017 v.16 no.1 pp. 238-246
ISSN:
1535-3907
Subject:
antibodies, bioassays, chemistry, chemotaxis, exosomes, glycoproteins, mice, proteome, proteomics, regulatory proteins, suppressor cells
Abstract:
In this report, we use a proteomic strategy to identify glycoproteins on the surface of exosomes derived from myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), and then test if selected glycoproteins contribute to exosome-mediated chemotaxis and migration of MDSCs. We report successful modification of a surface chemistry method for use with exosomes and identify 21 surface N-glycoproteins on exosomes released by mouse mammary carcinoma-induced MDSCs. These glycoprotein identities and functionalities are compared with 93 N-linked glycoproteins identified on the surface of the parental cells. As with the lysate proteomes examined previously, the exosome surface N-glycoproteins are primarily a subset of the glycoproteins on the surface of the suppressor cells that released them, with related functions and related potential as therapeutic targets. The “don’t eat me” molecule CD47 and its binding partners thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) and signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα) were among the surface N-glycoproteins detected. Functional bioassays using antibodies to these three molecules demonstrated that CD47, TSP1, and to a lesser extent SIRPα facilitate exosome-mediated MDSC chemotaxis and migration.
Agid:
5764664