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Enhanced Catalytic Activity of Lipase Encapsulated in PCL Nanofibers

Song, Jie, Kahveci, Derya, Chen, Menglin, Guo, Zheng, Xie, Erqing, Xu, Xuebing, Besenbacher, Flemming, Dong, Mingdong
Langmuir 2012 v.28 no.14 pp. 6157-6162
Burkholderia cepacia, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, biocatalysis, carboxylic ester hydrolases, encapsulation, enzyme activity, hexane, hydrolysis, immobilized enzymes, nanofibers, solvents, transesterification
Use of biocatalysis for industrial synthetic chemistry is on the verge of significant growth. Enzyme immobilization as an effective strategy for improving the enzyme activity has emerged from developments especially in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Here, lipase from Burkholderia cepacia (LBC), as an example of the luxuriant enzymes, was successfully encapsulated in polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers, proven by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Evaluated in both organic and aqueous medium, the activation factor of the encapsulated enzymes in the hydrolysis reaction was generally higher than that in the transesterification reaction. Enhanced catalytic activities were found when 5–20 w/w % of LBC was loaded. The effect of different solvents pretreatment on the activity of immobilized LBC was also investigated. The highest activation factor was found up to 14 for the sample containing acetone-treated LBC/PCL (10 w/w %). The encapsulated lipase reserved 50% of its original activity after the 10th run in the transesterification reaction in hexane medium. The mechanism of activation of lipase catalytic ability based on active PCL nanofiberous matrix is proposed.