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Utilization of poplar wood sawdust for heavy metals removal from model solutions

Demcak, Stefan, Balintova, Magdalena, Hurakova, Maria, Frontasyeva, Marina V., Zinicovscaia, Inga, Yushin, Nikita
Nova biotechnologica et chimica 2017 v.16 no.1 pp. 26-31
Populus, adsorbents, adsorption, byproducts, cellulose, cellulosic wastes, chemical treatment, copper, heavy metals, hemicellulose, ion exchange, iron, lignin, metal ions, models, moieties, pH, sawdust, spectroscopy, wastewater, wood, zinc
Some kinds of natural organic materials have a potential for removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater. It is well known that cellulosic waste materials or by-products can be used as cheap adsorbents in chemical treatment process. In this paper, poplar wood sawdust were used for removal of Cu(II), Zn(II) and Fe(II) ions from model solutions with using the static and dynamic adsorption experiments. Infrared spectrometry of poplar wood sawdust confirmed the presence of the functional groups which correspond with hemicelluloses, cellulose and lignin. At static adsorption was achieved approximately of 80 % efficiency for all treated model solutions. Similar efficiency of the adsorption processes was reached after 5 min at dynamic condition. The highest efficiency of Cu(II) removal (98 %) was observed after 30 min of dynamic adsorption. Changes of pH values confirmed a mechanism of ion exchange on the beginning of the adsorption process.