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Factors influencing the processing and technological properties of laminates based on phenolic resin impregnated papers

Thébault, Marion, Kandelbauer, Andreas, Müller, Uwe, Zikulnig-Rusch, Edith, Lammer, Herfried
European journal of wood and wood products 2017 v.75 no.5 pp. 785-806
drying, fire resistance, manufacturing, paper, papermaking, resins, strength (mechanics)
High quality decorative laminate panels typically consist of two major types of components: the surface layers comprising décor and overlay papers that are impregnated with melamine-based resins, and the core which is made of stacks of kraft papers impregnated with phenolic (PF) resin. The PF-impregnated layers impart superior hydrolytic stability, mechanical strength and fire-resistance to the composite. The manufacturing involves the complex interplay between resin, paper and impregnation/drying processes. Changes in the input variables cause significant alterations in the process characteristics and adaptations of the used materials and specific process conditions may, in turn, be required. This review summarizes the main variables influencing both processability and technological properties of phenolic resin impregnated papers and laminates produced therefrom. It is aimed at presenting the main influences from the involved components (resin and paper), how these may be controlled during the respective process steps (resin preparation and paper production), how they influence the impregnation and lamination conditions, how they affect specific aspects of paper and laminate performance, and how they interact with each other (synergies).