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PMMA/Polysaccharides Nanofilm Loaded with Adenosine Deaminase Inhibitor for Targeted Anti-inflammatory Drug Delivery
Riva, Eugenio, Desii, Andrea, Sartini, Stefania, La Motta, Concettina, Mazzolai, Barbara, Mattoli, Virgilio
- Langmuir 2013 v.29 no.43 pp. 13190-13197
- adenosine deaminase, anti-inflammatory agents, chitosan, films (materials), fluorescence, hydrophobicity, inflammatory bowel disease, models, polymethylmethacrylate, sodium alginate, surface roughness
- A novel drug delivery vector, a free-standing polymeric ultrathin film (nanofilm) composed of PMMA and a polysaccharides multilayer, is presented. Chitosan and sodium alginate are alternatively deposited by spin-assisted LbL assembly onto a plasma-treated PMMA thin film. Hydrophobic anti-inflammatory drugs, an adenosine deaminase inhibitor (APP) and its fluorescent dansyl derivate (APP-Dns), are encapsulated inside the LbL multilayer using a simple casting deposition procedure. The resulting drug loaded nanofilm can be suspended in water upon dissolution of a PVA sacrificial layer. Morphological characterization of the nanofilm shows that PMMA/LbL nanofilms possess nanometric thickness (<200 nm) and very low surface roughness (1–2 nm for drug loaded nanofilms and <1 nm for blank nanofilm). Drug loaded films exhibit a diffusion controlled release mechanism following the Korsmayer–Peppas release model, confirmed by the fit of release data with a characteristic power law. Drug release is impaired through the PMMA layer, which acts effectively as a barrier for drug transport. This ultrathin polymer film can find application as a nanopatch for targeted inflammatory drug delivery to treat localized pathologies as inflammatory bowel disease.