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Acaricidal active fractions from acetone extract of Aloe vera L. against Tetranychus cinnabarinus and Panonychus citri
- Zhang, Yongqiang, Zhang, Qian, Luo, Jinxiang, Ding, Wei
- Acta physiologiae plantarum 2017 v.39 no.9 pp. 195
- Aloe vera, Panonychus citri, Tetranychus cinnabarinus, acaricidal properties, acetone, bioassays, chromatography, emodin, mortality, regression analysis, spirodiclofen, toxicity
- This study aimed to isolate acaricidal active fractions from acetone extract of Aloe vera L. and investigate the toxicity of these fractions against Tetranychus cinnabarinus (T. cinnabarinus) and Panonychus citri (P. citri). Acetone extract of A. vera L. was isolated by immersing in acetone for 72 h, and diverse fractions were fractionated by column chromatography. The acaricidal activity of each fractions was evaluated by corrected mortality of T. cinnabarinus through slide-dip bioassay. The 8th and 13th fractions of acetone extract with good acaricidal activity were indentified by LC/MS, and the toxicity of these two fractions to T. cinnabarinus and P. citri was identified by regression analysis. Acetone extract of A. vera L. exhibited obvious acaricidal activity, from which a total of 18 fractions were isolated. The 8th and 13th fractions with strong acaricidal activity against T. cinnabarinus were identified to be 3-O-alpha-D-mannopyranosyl-D-mannopyranose (OAMM) and aloe emodin. When compared with spirodiclofen, both OAMM and aloe emodin exhibited higher toxicity to T. cinnabarinus, while only OAMM exhibited a higher toxicity to P. citri (P < 0.05). OAMM and aloe emodin isolated from acetone extract of A. vera L. exhibited obvious acaricidal activities against T. cinnabarinus and P. citri.