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The Characterization of Microorganisms in Dairy Wastewater Storage Ponds

Robert S. Dungan, April B. Leytem
Journal of environmental quality 2013 v.42 no.5 pp. 1583-1588
Actinobacteria, Archaea, DNA, DNA libraries, DNA primers, Proteobacteria, bacteria, cattle, clones, dairies, feces, genes, methanogens, nucleotide sequences, ribosomal RNA, rumen, species diversity, waste lagoons, wastewater
Dairy wastewaters from storage ponds are commonly land applied to irrigate forage crops. Given that diverse microbial populations are associated with cattle feces, the objective of this study was to use a culture-independent approach to characterize bacteria and archaea in dairy wastewaters. Using domain-specific primers, a region of the 16S rRNA gene was amplified from pooled DNA extracts from 30 dairy wastewaters and subsequently used to create a clone library. A total of 152 bacterial clones were examined and sequence matches were affiliated with the following groups: Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Synergistetes. Firmicutes was identified as the largest phylum, representing up to 69% of the clone sequences. Of 167 clones representing Archaea, seven genera were found to be closely related (91–100% sequence similarity) to isolates obtained from sediments and feces. Most of the putative sequence matches (98%) represented members from the class Methanomicrobia. With respect to the archaeal clones, only one of the putative sequence matches was affiliated with a methanogenic bacterium known to inhabit the rumen.