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Effects of Pd doping on N2O formation over Pt/BaO/Al2O3 during NO x storage and reduction process

Dong, Mingxin, Wang, Jun, Zhu, Jinxin, Wang, Jianqiang, Wang, Wulin, Shen, Meiqing
Frontiers of environmental science & engineering 2017 v.11 no.6 pp. 11
aluminum oxide, ammonia, catalysts, dissociation, greenhouse gases, mixing, nitric oxide, nitrogen, nitrous oxide, ozonosphere, palladium, platinum, reducing agents, temperature
N₂O is a powerful greenhouse gas and plays an important role in destructing the ozone layer. This present work investigated the effects of Pd doping on N₂O formation over Pt/BaO/Al₂O₃ catalyst. Three types of catalysts, Pt/BaO/Al₂O₃, Pt/Pd mechanical mixing catalyst (Pt/BaO/Al₂O₃ + Pd/Al₂O₃) and Pt-Pd co-impregnation catalyst (Pt-Pd/BaO/Al₂O₃) were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation method. These catalysts were first evaluated in NSR activity tests using H₂/CO as reductants and then carefully characterized by BET, CO chemisorption, CO-DRIFTs and H2-TPR techniques. In addition, temperature programmed reactions of NO with H2/CO were conducted to obtain further information about N₂O formation mechanism. Compared with Pt/BaO/Al₂O₃, (Pt/BaO/ Al₂O₃ + Pd/Al₂O₃) produced less N₂O and more NH3 during NO ₓ storage and reduction process, while an opposite trend was found over (Pt-Pd/BaO/Al₂O₃ + Al₂O₃). Temperature programmed reactions of NO with H₂/CO results showed that Pd/Al₂O₃ component in (Pt/BaO/Al₂O₃ + Pd/Al₂O₃) played an important role in NO reduction to NH₃, and the formed NH3 could reduce NO ₓ to N₂ leading to a decrease in N₂O formation. Most of N₂O formed over (Pt-Pd/BaO/Al₂O₃ + Al₂O₃) was originated from Pd/BaO/Al₂O₃ component. H₂-TPR results indicated Pd-Ba interaction resulted in more difficultto- reduce PdOx species over Pd/BaO/Al₂O₃, which inhibits the NO dissociation and thus drives the selectivity to N₂O in NO reduction.