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The Effect of Harvest Years on Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Basil (Ocimum minimum L.) Leaves

Author:
Figueredo, Guilles, Özcan, Mehmet Musa, Chalchat, Jean Claude, Chalard, Pierre, Çelik, Battal, Özcan, Mustafa Mete
Source:
Journal of essential oil-bearing plants 2017 v.20 no.3 pp. 864-868
ISSN:
0976-5026
Subject:
Ocimum minimum, basil, chemical composition, cineole, essential oils, eugenol, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, harvest date, hydrodistillation, leaves, linalool, oils
Abstract:
The essential oils of basil (Ocimum minimum L.) leaves cultivated in Mersin (Büyükeceli-Gülnar) were extracted by hydrodistillation, and analysed by GC and GC-MS. The major constituents varied depending on harvest years. Linalool, eucalyptol, eugenol and epi-α-cadinol were determined as the major components of basil leaves collected between 2003 to 2008 years. The main constituents of oil were linalool (40.2 2% to 88.34%), eucalyptol (1.46% to 8.87%), eugenol (0.28% to 7.23%) and epi-α-cadinol (1.35% to 5.05%) depending on years. The essential oil composition varies qualitatively and/or quantitatively with the time of harvest.
Agid:
5776029