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Methods of liquid phase microextraction for the determination of cadmium in environmental samples
- Pires Santos, Analú, das Graças Andrade Korn, Maria, Azevedo Lemos, Valfredo
- Environmental monitoring and assessment 2017 v.189 no.9 pp. 444
- cadmium, environmental monitoring, liquid-phase microextraction, sampling
- Liquid phase microextraction (LPME) has been widely used in extraction and preconcentration systems as an excellent alternative to conventional liquid phase extraction. In this work, a critical review is presented on liquid phase microextraction techniques used in the determination of cadmium in environmental samples. LPME techniques are classified into three main groups: single-drop liquid phase microextraction (SDME), hollow fiber liquid phase microextraction (HF-LPME), and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME). Methods involving these liquid phase microextraction techniques are described, addressing advantages and disadvantages, samples, figures of merit, and trends.