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Zinc Deficiency and Oxidative Stress Involved in Valproic Acid Induced Hepatotoxicity: Protection by Zinc and Selenium Supplementation

Ahangar, Nematollah, Naderi, Maloos, Noroozi, Abdolali, Ghasemi, Maryam, Zamani, Ehsan, Shaki, Fatemeh
Biological trace element research 2017 v.179 no.1 pp. 102-109
alanine transaminase, antioxidant activity, aspartate transaminase, blood serum, feed supplements, glutathione, hepatotoxicity, histology, lipid peroxidation, liver, nutrient deficiencies, oxidation, oxidative stress, protective effect, rats, selenium, valproic acid, zinc
Valproic acid (VPA) is an antiepileptic drug, which its usage is limited due to its hepatotoxicity. The present study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se), necessary trace elements, against VPA-induced hepatotoxicity in Wistar rats. The animals were divided into five groups: control, VPA 200 mg/kg, VPA + Zn (100 mg/kg), VPA + Se (100 mg/kg), and VPA + Zn + Se. The administration of VPA for four consecutive weeks resulted in decrease in serum level of Zn in rats. Also, an increase in liver marker enzymes (ALT and AST) and also histological changes in liver tissue were shown after VPA administration. Oxidative stress was evident in VPA group by increased lipid peroxidation (LPO), protein carbonyl (PCO), glutathione (GSH) oxidation, and reducing total antioxidant capacity. Zn and Se (100 mg/kg) administration was able to protect against deterioration in liver enzyme, abrogated the histological change in liver tissue, and suppressed the increase in oxidative stress markers. Zn and combination of Zn plus Se treatment showed more protective effects than Se alone. These results imply that Zn and Se should be suggested as effective supplement products for the prevention of VPA-induced hepatotoxicity.