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Adsorption of gold ions from industrial wastewater using activated carbon derived from hard shell of apricot stones - An agricultural waste

Soleimani, Mansooreh, Kaghazchi, Tahereh
Bioresource technology 2008 v.99 no.13 pp. 5374-5383
absorbents, activated carbon, adsorption, agitation, agricultural industry, agricultural wastes, ambient temperature, apricots, aqueous solutions, desorption, gold, industrial wastes, ions, pH, particle size, sodium hydroxide, solvents, wastewater, wastewater treatment
In this study, hard shell of apricot stones was selected from agricultural solid wastes to prepare effective and low cost adsorbent for the gold separation from gold-plating wastewater. Different adsorption parameters like adsorbent dose, particle size of activated carbon, pH and agitation speed of mixing on the gold adsorption were studied. The results showed that under the optimum operating conditions, more than 98% of gold was adsorbed onto activated carbon after only 3h. The equilibrium adsorption data were well described by the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms. Isotherms have been used to obtain thermodynamic parameters. Gold desorption studies were performed with aqueous solution mixture of sodium hydroxide and organic solvents at ambient temperatures. Quantitative recovery of gold ions is possible by this method. As hard shell of apricot stones is a discarded as waste from agricultural and food industries, the prepared activated carbon is expected to be an economical product for gold ion recovery from wastewater.