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Identification of QTL for resistance to Mediterranean corn borer in a maize tropical line to improve temperate germplasm

Samayoa, Luis Fernando, Malvar, Rosa Ana, McMullen, Michael D., Butrón, Ana
BMC plant biology 2015 v.15 no.1 pp. 265
Sesamia nonagrioides, Zea mays, agronomic traits, alleles, corn, genetic correlation, genetic factors, genetic resistance, germplasm, heterosis, hybrids, marker-assisted selection, quantitative trait loci, Europe
BACKGROUND: A QTL mapping study for maize resistance to the Mediterranean corn borer (MCB) was performed with a RIL population derived from the cross B73 × CML103. To develop commercial inbreds of maize resistant to the MCB for use in Europe, it would be useful to transfer resistance from tropical germplasm like the subtropical inbred CML103 to temperate lines. The inbred B73 was chosen as representative of the Stiff Stock heterotic group, a major heterotic group used in hybrid grown in both North American and Europe. The objectives were to study the architecture of genetic factors for resistance to MCB and to check the feasibility of using marker-assisted selection (MAS) for transferring those genetic factors. RESULTS: Eight quantitative trait loci (QTL) were declared significant for resistance traits and eight QTL were located for agronomic traits. Alleles from CML103 at QTL significant for tunnel length could reduce tunnel length made for MCB in inbred B73 in more than 8 cm; favorable alleles for yield were also found in CML103 and no genetic correlation coefficient between tunnel length and yield was detected. CONCLUSIONS: MAS for transferring resistance genes to corn borer attack from CML103 to B73 could be successful based on cross validation results and a negative effect on yield would not be expected.