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Polymer Brush Collapse under Shear Flow

Korolkovas, Airidas, Rodriguez-Emmenegger, Cesar, de los Santos Pereira, Andres, Chennevière, Alexis, Restagno, Frédéric, Wolff, Maximilian, Adlmann, Franz A., Dennison, Andrew J. C., Gutfreund, Philipp
Macromolecules 2017 v.50 no.3 pp. 1215-1224
adhesion, biosensors, computer simulation, friction, polymers, reflectometry
Shear responsive surfaces offer potential advances in a number of applications. Surface functionalization using polymer brushes is one route to such properties, particularly in the case of entangled polymers. We report on neutron reflectometry measurements of polymer brushes in entangled polymer solutions performed under controlled shear as well as coarse-grained computer simulations corresponding to these interfaces. Here we show a reversible and reproducible collapse of the brushes, increasing with the shear rate. Using two brushes of greatly different chain lengths and grafting densities, we demonstrate that the dynamics responsible for the structural change of the brush are governed by the free chains in solution rather than the brush itself, within the range of parameters examined. The phenomenon of the brush collapse could find applications in the tailoring of nanosensors and as a way to dynamically control surface friction and adhesion.