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Nontransformed and Cancer Cells Can Utilize Different Endocytic Pathways To Internalize Dendritic Nanoparticle Variants: Implications on Nanocarrier Design

Wong, Nelson K. Y., Shenoi, Rajesh A., Abbina, Srinivas, Chafeeva, Irina, Kizhakkedathu, Jayachandran N., Khan, Mohamed K.
Biomacromolecules 2017 v.18 no.8 pp. 2427-2438
endocytosis, hydrophilicity, hydrophobicity, nanocarriers, nanoparticles, neoplasm cells, neoplasms, polyethylene glycol
Three hyperbranched polyglycerol nanoparticle (HPG NP) variants were synthesized and fluorescently labeled for the study of their cellular interactions. The polymeric nanoparticle that contains a hydrophobic core and a hydrophilic HPG shell, HPG-C₁₀-HPG, is taken up faster by HT-29 cancer cells than nontransformed cells, while similar uptake rates are observed with both cell types for the nanoparticle HPG-C₁₀-PEG that contains a hydrophobic core and a polyethylene glycol shell. The nanoparticle HPG-104, containing neither the hydrophobic core nor the polyethylene glycol shell, is taken up faster by nontransformed cells than HT-29 cells. Importantly, cancer and normal cells can utilize different endocytic mechanisms for the internalization of these HPG NPs. Both HPG-C₁₀-HPG and HPG-C₁₀-PEG are taken up by HT-29 cells through clathrin-mediated endocytosis and macropinocytosis. Nontransformed cells, however, take up HPG-C₁₀-HPG and HPG-104 through macropinocytosis, while these cells utilize both clathrin-mediated endocytosis and macropinocytosis to internalize HPG-C₁₀-PEG.