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Steroid-Derived Naphthoquinoline Asphaltene Model Compounds: Hydriodic Acid Is the Active Catalyst in I2-Promoted Multicomponent Cyclocondensation Reactions
- Schulze, Matthias, Scott, David
E., Scherer, Alexander, Hampel, Frank, Hamilton, Robin J., Gray, Murray R., Tykwinski, Rik R., Stryker, Jeffrey M.
- Organic letters 2015 v.17 no.23 pp. 5930-5933
- X-ray diffraction, aldehydes, catalysts, chemical reactions, iodine, models, moieties, stereochemistry
- A multicomponent cyclocondensation reaction between 2-aminoanthracene, aromatic aldehydes, and 5-α-cholestan-3-one has been used to synthesize model asphaltene compounds. The active catalyst for this reaction has been identified as hydriodic acid, which is formed in situ from the reaction of iodine with water, while iodine is not a catalyst under anhydrous conditions. The products, which contain a tetrahydrohelicene moiety, are optically active, and the stereochemical characteristics have been examined by VT-NMR and VT-CD spectroscopies, as well as X-ray crystallography.