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The presence of ovarian cysts in a captive Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus L. 1758)

Goździewska-Harłajczuk, Karolina, Klećkowska-Nawrot, Joanna, Dzimira, Stanisław
BMC veterinary research 2017 v.13 no.1 pp. 240
Trichechus manatus, captive animals, corpus luteum, diameter, females, flukes, marine mammals, necropsy, nose, polycystic ovary syndrome, records, tail, uterus, vagina, vimentin, zoos
BACKGROUND: Several pathological changes associated with reproductive systems of marine mammals have been reported in primary literature. However, no such records exist regarding ovarian cysts in the Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus L. 1758). CASE PRESENTATION: A nulliparous female Antillean manatee, held in captivity at the Wroclaw Zoological Garden, died in April 2015. The animal was 370 cm long from nose to tail and weighed 670 kg. The width of manatee’s fluke was 80 cm. The post-mortem examination of the reproductive system showed the numerous pathological cysts on the external surface of the left and the right ovaries. Morphologically, the cysts had varying diameters and were attached to the ovaries by stalks. Some of the cysts were thin-walled and contained fluid, while several others were solid or contained a semi-solid mass. The structure of the ovaries displayed features of the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The cysts also exhibited positivity with cytokeratin and vimentin. There were no pathological changes within the uterus, uterine tube and vagina. CONCLUSION: Although we were unable to definitively determine the exact source of the ovarian cysts in the studied manatee, we found that one of the causes may be age-related. Our study also revealed that ovarian cysts in the Antillean manatee form both types of corpora lutea (CL).