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Synthesis of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole/magnetic nanoparticles modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes for simultaneous solid-phase microextraction of cadmium and lead

Kazemi, Elahe, Dadfarnia, Shayessteh, Haji Shabani, Ali Mohammad, Hashemi, Parisa Sadat
International journal of environmental analytical chemistry 2017 v.97 no.8 pp. 743-755
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectrometry, cadmium, carbon nanotubes, detection limit, ions, iron, lead, methanol, nanocomposites, nanoparticles, nitric acid, scanning electron microscopy, solid phase microextraction, sorbents
This study describes the successful sequential modification of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) by Fe ₃O ₄ magnetic nanoparticles and 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) followed by its application as a novel sorbent for simultaneous magnetic solid phase microextraction of lead and cadmium. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy were employed to confirm the chemical surface modification of the MWCNT. The ions retained on the 2-MBT/magnetic nanoparticles modified MWCNTs were eluted with 1.0 mL of nitric acid (0.8 mol L ⁻¹) in methanol solution and determined by the flame atomic absorption spectrometry. All parameters affecting the extraction condition were thoroughly investigated and optimised. Under the optimised condition preconcentration factor of 150.0, enhancement factors of 149.0 and 149.2 and limits of detection of 0.21 and 0.01 µg L ⁻¹ were achieved for lead and cadmium, respectively. Using the prepared magnetic nanocomposite, the possible interference of other common ions associated with lead and cadmium determination was effectively avoided and the method was successfully applied to the simultaneous determination of the target ions in various environmental water samples.