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Surface Heterostructure Induced by PrPO4 Modification in Li1.2[Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2 Cathode Material for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries with Mitigating Voltage Decay

Ding, Feixiang, Li, Jianling, Deng, Fuhai, Xu, Guofeng, Liu, Yanying, Yang, Kai, Kang, Feiyu
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2017 v.9 no.33 pp. 27936-27945
cathodes, crystal structure, electrolytes, interphase, lithium, lithium batteries, oxides, oxygen, protective effect
Lithium-rich layered oxides (LLOs) have been attractive cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries because of their high reversible capacity. However, they suffer from low initial Coulombic efficiency and capacity/voltage decay upon cycling. Herein, facile surface modification of Li₁.₂Mn₀.₅₄Ni₀.₁₃Co₀.₁₃O₂ cathode material is designed to overcome these defects by the protective effect of a surface heterostructure composed of an induced spinel layer and a PrPO₄ modification layer. As anticipated, a sample modified with 3 wt % PrPO₄ (PrP3) shows an enhanced initial Coulombic efficiency of 90% compared to 81.8% for the pristine one, more excellent cycling stability with a capacity retention of 89.3% after 100 cycles compared to only 71.7% for the pristine one, and less average discharge voltage fading from 0.6353 to 0.2881 V. These results can be attributed to the fact that the modification nanolayers have moved amounts of oxygen and lithium from the lattice in the bulk crystal structure, leading to a chemical activation of the Li₂MnO₃ component previously and forming a spinel interphase with a 3D fast Li⁺ diffusion channel and stable structure. Moreover, the elaborate surface heterostructure on a lithium-rich cathode material can effectively curb the undesired side reactions with the electrolyte and may also extend to other layered oxides to improve their cycling stability at high voltage.