Main content area

Digestible tryptophan to lysine ratios for weaned piglets at 26 days of age

Oliveira, G. M., Ferreira, A. S., Campos, P. F., Rodrigues, V. V., Silva, F. C. O., Santos, W. G., Lima, A. L., Rodrigues, P. G., Lopes, C. C.
Animal production science 2017 v.57 no.10 pp. 2027-2032
average daily gain, body weight, carcass yield, crossbreds, developmental stages, feed intake, kidneys, liver, lysine, piglets, tryptophan, weaning
With the objective of determining the optimal digestible tryptophan to lysine ratios (Trp:Lys) in feed, 192 crossbred piglets were weaned at 26.3 ± 2.0 days, with initial weights of 8 ± 0.360 kg. The piglets were blocked by bodyweight and randomly allotted into six treatments, eight repetitions and four piglets per experimental unit. The treatments included five ratios of digestible Trp:Lys of 0.15, 0.17, 0.19, 0.21 and 0.23 with 1.26% digestible lysine and one positive control treatment (C+) with a Trp:Lys ratio of 0.19 and digestible lysine of 1.33%. The piglet’s performance and other characteristics were evaluated in phases: Phase I lasted from weaning up to Day 14 of the experiment, and Phase II lasted from weaning up to Day 21 of the experiment. The feed intake during Phase I, including the protein and fat deposition rates, the kidney relative weights and carcass yield were not influenced by the Trp:Lys ratios (P > 0.05). The Trp:Lys ratios had a linear effect on the liver and kidney absolute weights (P < 0.05). The ratio also had a linear effect (P < 0.01) on the bodyweight, the average daily gain, the gain:feed ratio of the piglets during Phases I and II and on the feed intake during Phase II (P < 0.05). The effect of the Trp:Lys ratios on the digestible lysine level (P = 0.04) demonstrated that digestible lysine was a limiting factor. The Linear Response Plateau model indicated that the best Trp:Lys ratio (P = 0.04) was 0.20 during Phase I and 0.22 (P < 0.01) during Phase II. Thus, the optimal digestible Trp:Lys ratio for piglets during the initial growth phase (from 26 to 47 days of age) is 0.22.