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Anthropogenic impacts on heavy metal concentrations in surface soils from the typical polluted area of Bengbu, Anhui province, Eastern China

Ma, Li, Gui, Herong
Human and ecological risk assessment 2017 v.23 no.7 pp. 1763-1774
anthropogenic activities, cadmium, copper, emissions, heavy metals, lead, manganese, nickel, phosphates, risk, soil, soil pollution, statistical analysis, zinc, China
A total of 30 surface soil samples were collected from the typical polluted area of Bengbu, Anhui province, Eastern China. The content characteristics, source identification, and risk assessment of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) were studied based on the field investigation, sampling, indoor test, and statistical analysis. Results showed that the concentrations of Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn showed different spatial variation and ranged from 0.48 to 1.84, 12.78 to 239.07, 287.14 to 491.96, 15.29 to 52.99, 13.28 to 68.82, and 28.83 to 184.79 mg/kg, respectively. Besides Mn, the contents of other metals have exceeded the local background value to a certain extent, and the higher concentrations recorded were found in the east of Bali channel. Source analyses indicated that Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn were attributed to industrial emissions, vehicle exhaust pollution, and phosphate uses in agriculture, whereas Ni and Mn were mainly of natural origin. Among the six heavy metals, Cd posed the highest ecological risk with the proportion of 3.3% at a considerable level, 36.7% at a high level, and 60% at a very high level, Cu presented a low-to-moderate ecological risk, while others presented a relatively low risk in surface soils, suggesting that Cd and Cu, especially for Cd, should draw environmental concern.