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Biosurfactants during in situ bioremediation: factors that influence the production and challenges in evalution

Decesaro, Andressa, Machado, ThaísStrieder, Cappellaro, ÂngelaCarolina, Reinehr, ChristianOliveira, Thomé, Antônio, Colla, LucianeMaria
Environmental science and pollution research international 2017 v.24 no.26 pp. 20831-20843
bioaugmentation, biochemical compounds, biosurfactants, hydrocarbons, metabolism, polluted soils, soil microorganisms
Research on the influence of biosurfactants on the efficiency of in situ bioremediation of contaminated soil is continuously growing. Despite the constant progress in understanding the mechanisms involved in the effects of biosurfactants, there are still many factors that are not sufficiently elucidated. There is a lack of research on autochthonous or exogenous microbial metabolism when biostimulation or bioaugmentation is carried out to produce biosurfactants at contaminated sites. In addition, studies on the application of techniques that measure the biosurfactants produced in situ are needed. This is important because, although the positive influence of biosurfactants is often reported, there are also studies where no effect or negative effects have been observed. This review aimed to examine some studies on factors that can improve the production of biosurfactants in soils during in situ bioremediation. Moreover, this work reviews the methodologies that can be used for measuring the production of these biocomposts. We reviewed studies on the potential of biosurfactants to improve the bioremediation of hydrocarbons, as well as the limitations of methods for the production of these biomolecules by microorganisms in soil.