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Contrasting Transcriptional Programs Control Postharvest Development of Apples (Malus x domestica Borkh.) Submitted to Cold Storage and Ethylene Blockage

Storch, Tatiane Timm, Finatto, Taciane, Bruneau, Maryline, Orsel-Baldwin, Mathilde, Renou, Jean-Pierre, Rombaldi, Cesar Valmor, Quecini, Vera, Laurens, François, Girardi, César Luis
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.35 pp. 7813-7826
Malus domestica, apples, cold storage, ethylene, gene expression regulation, genes, juveniles, phenotype, postharvest technology, ripening, temperature, transcription (genetics)
Apple is commercially important worldwide. Favorable genomic contexts and postharvest technologies allow year-round availability. Although ripening is considered a unidirectional developmental process toward senescence, storage at low temperatures, alone or in combination with ethylene blockage, is effective in preserving apple properties. Quality traits and genome wide expression were integrated to investigate the mechanisms underlying postharvest changes. Development and conservation techniques were responsible for transcriptional reprogramming and distinct programs associated with quality traits. A large portion of the differentially regulated genes constitutes a program involved in ripening and senescence, whereas a smaller module consists of genes associated with reestablishment and maintenance of juvenile traits after harvest. Ethylene inhibition was associated with a reversal of ripening by transcriptional induction of anabolic pathways. Our results demonstrate that the blockage of ethylene perception and signaling leads to upregulation of genes in anabolic pathways. We also associated complex phenotypes to subsets of differentially regulated genes.