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The effects of temperature on respiration of Amur sturgeon, Acipenser schrenckii, at two acclimation temperatures

Zhao, Zhigang, Luo, Liang, Wang, Chang'an, Li, Jinnan, Wang, Liansheng, Du, Xue, Xu, Qiyou
Aquaculture research 2017 v.48 no.10 pp. 5338-5345
Acipenser schrenckii, acclimation, aquaculture, fish, metabolism, oxygen consumption, rearing, respiratory rate, water temperature
In order to clarify the respiratory responses strategy of Amur sturgeon Acipenser schrenckii exposed to water temperature changes, respiratory parameters of the fish were studied under two temperature regimes: fish acclimated at 13°C for Group I, temperature was increased to 16°C, 19°C, 22°C and 25°C and then returned stepwise to 22°C, 19°C, 16°C and 13°C; and fish acclimated at 25°C for Group II, the water temperature was reduced in steps to 22°C, 19°C, 16°C and 13°C, subsequently, returned to 16°C, 19°C, 22°C and 25°C. The results showed that the respiratory frequency (fR), oxygen consumption rate (VO₂) and gill ventilation (VG) of the fish were directly dependent on the acute temperature in both acclimation groups (p < .05). The initial 25°C VO₂ in Group II was significantly higher than the initial 13°C VO₂ in Group I (p < .05), but was significantly lower than that at 25°C in Group I (p < .05). In Group I, respiratory stroke volume (VS .R) of fish significantly increased or decreased with the acute temperature increases or decreases, respectively (p < .05); oxygen consumption efficiencies (EO₂) of fish did not significantly show differences when temperature increased to 25°C from 13°C (p > .05), but the EO₂ significantly declined while returning to acclimation temperature (p < .05). In Group II, the VS .R of the fish did not significantly change with acute temperature fluctuations between 25 and 13°C (p > .05), while the EO₂ increased with acute temperature increases (p < .05). The Q₁₀ values for fR, VO₂, VS .R, VG and EO₂ were 1.53–1.72, 1.92–2.06, 1.07–1.60, 1.78–2.44 and 1.11–1.65 at 13–25°C of temperature interval respectively. Amur sturgeon showed partial metabolic compensation to temperature changes. The study results suggest that the ability of Amur sturgeon to regulate metabolism in response to acute temperature changes makes this species good adaptability in the aquaculture rearing.