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Field performance of STG06L-35-061, a new genetic resource developed from crosses between weed-suppressive indica rice and commercial southern U.S. long-grains
- Gealy, David R.
- Plant and soil 2013 v.370 pp. 277
- Echinochloa crus-galli, agronomic traits, blast disease, chromosomes, cooking quality, crop yield, cultivars, herbicide resistance, introgression, milling quality, parents, rice, weed control, weeds, United States
- Aims Weed control in rice is challenging, particularly in light of increased resistance to herbicides in weed populations including Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. Indica rice cultivars can produce high yields and suppress barnyardgrass, but have not been commercially acceptable in the U.S. due to inferior agronomic traits and grain quality. Our objectives were to combine high yield and weed-suppressive characteristics from indica cultivars with commercially acceptable grain quality and plant types from long-grain cultivars grown in the southern U.S. Methods Crosses between indica and commercial tropical japonica (cv. Katy, and cv. Drew) rice were evaluated for weed suppression and agronomic traits in a breeding program. Results In some tests, the selection STG06L-35-061 was nearly as weed suppressive as PI 312777, the suppressive parent, and more suppressive than its tropical japonica parents. Its main crop yield is commercially acceptable, and intermediate between PI 312777 and Katy. Its milling quality and cooking quality are similar to long-grain commercial cultivars,and it has resistance to rice blast disease. Marker analyses identified introgressions from the indica parents on chromosomes 1 and 3 of STG06L-35-061 that require further analysis as possible sources of weed suppressive traits. Conclusions STG06L-35-061 might be suitable for organic rice or reduced input conventional systems.