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Mineral nitrogen impairs the biological nitrogen fixation in soybean of determinate and indeterminate growth types

Saturno, Diogo Fernando, Cerezini, Paula, Moreira da Silva, Pedro, Oliveira, Arnold Barbosa de, Oliveira, Maria Cristina Neves de, Hungria, Mariangela, Nogueira, Marco Antonio
Journal of plant nutrition 2017 v.40 no.12 pp. 1690-1701
Bradyrhizobium, Glycine max, field experimentation, genotype, grain yield, indeterminate growth, nitrogen, nitrogen fixation, nodulation, nutrient solutions, sowing, soybeans, Brazil
Soybean (Glycine max Merrill) crop production in Brazil relies mainly on biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) for nitrogen (N) supply. Recent adoption of indeterminate growth-type genotypes has raised doubts on the need for supplemental mineral N that might negatively affect the BNF. We assessed the effects of mineral N on BNF attributes of soybean genotypes grown in central and southern Brazil. Genotypes were inoculated with Bradyrhizobium sp. and/or received mineral N in three sets of experiments. In the first set, two genotypes received increasing rates of mineral N in nutrient solution, which consistently reduced the BNF. In the second set, mineral N applied at sowing and/or topdressing reduced nodulation and ureides-N in determinate and indeterminate growth-type genotypes. In the third set, mineral N applied at R5.3 stage, foliar or as topdressing, did not increase grain yield in four field experiments. Mineral N impaired BNF irrespective of the growth type and had no effect on grain yield.