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Hot Air Treatment Induces Disease Resistance through Activating the Phenylpropanoid Metabolism in Cherry Tomato Fruit

Wei, Yingying, Zhou, Dandan, Peng, Jing, Pan, Leiqing, Tu, Kang
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.36 pp. 8003-8010
Alternaria alternata, Botrytis cinerea, air, caffeic acid, cherry tomatoes, chlorogenic acid, diameter, disease incidence, disease resistance, gray mold, isoquercitrin, metabolism, metabolites, p-coumaric acid, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, quercetin, rutin
To explore the effects of hot air (HA, 38 °C for 12 h) treatment on the phenylpropanoid metabolism in cherry tomatoes, phenylpropanoid metabolite levels and the activities and expression of key enzymes were analyzed in HA-treated fruit. HA treatment enhanced phenylpropanoid metabolism, as evidenced by elevated levels of phenolics and flavonoids, higher activities of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and cinnamate-4-hydroxylase, and upregulated expression of LeCHS, LeCHI, LeF3H, and LeFLS. Levels of several phenylpropanoid metabolites were higher after HA treatment, including p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, isoquercitrin, quercetin, and rutin. These metabolic changes may be related to the reduced disease incidence and smaller lesion diameters observed in HA-treated fruit inoculated with Alternaria alternata (black mold) or Botrytis cinerea (gray mold). The results suggest that HA treatment induces disease resistance by activating the phenylpropanoid pathway in cherry tomato fruit.