Main content area

Transcriptional regulation of hormone‐synthesis and signaling pathways by overexpressing cytokinin‐synthesis contributes to improved drought tolerance in creeping bentgrass

Xu, Yi, Burgess, Patrick, Huang, Bingru
Physiologia plantarum 2017 v.161 no.2 pp. 235-256
Agrostis stolonifera, Arabidopsis, adenine, antioxidant activity, catalytic activity, cell structures, cytokinins, drought tolerance, gene expression regulation, gene ontology, gene overexpression, genes, growth chambers, plant hormones, sequence analysis, signal transduction, transcription (genetics), transcriptomics, water stress
The objective of this study was to investigate transcriptomic changes and molecular factors regulated by cytokinins that may contribute to improved drought tolerance in creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) overexpressing adenine isopentenyltransferase (ipt). Wild‐type (WT) and ipt‐transgenic plants were maintained well irrigated or exposed to 21 days of drought stress in growth chambers. Transcriptomic analysis conducted by RNA‐seq revealed 661 and 648 upregulated and 764 and 862 downregulated drought‐responsive genes (DRGs) in the WT and ipt‐transgenic plants, respectively, under drought stress using adjusted P‐value of 0.001 and log₂ fold change. Gene ontology (GO) term classification showed that a greater number of DRGs were found in ipt‐transgenic plants than in WT plants pertaining to biological functions including metabolic process, cellular process, cell structure and growth, macromolecular complex, and binding and catalytic activity, whereas fewer DRGs were found in ipt‐transgenic plants than in WT plants pertaining to response to stimulus and antioxidant activity. Furthermore, plant hormone signal transduction pathway analysis revealed three downregulated transcripts [type B – Arabidopsis response regulators (B‐ARR), ABA‐responsive element binding factor (ABF) and pyrabactin resistance/like (PYR/PYL)] and two upregulated transcripts (BIN2 and JAZ) that were significantly differentiated between ipt‐transgenic and WT plants under drought stress, which are particularly interesting for further investigation of molecular mechanisms of hormone‐regulation of drought tolerance.