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A novel and efficient fungal delignification strategy based on versatile peroxidase for lignocellulose bioconversion

Kong, Wen, Fu, Xiao, Wang, Lei, Alhujaily, Ahmad, Zhang, Jingli, Ma, Fuying, Zhang, Xiaoyu, Yu, Hongbo
Biotechnology for biofuels 2017 v.10 no.1 pp. 218
Rigidoporus vitreus, biomass, biorefining, biotransformation, cellulose, corn stover, delignification, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, enzymatic hydrolysis, glucose, hydrolysis, laccase, lignin, lignocellulose, liquid chromatography, models, peroxidase, saccharification, white-rot fungi
BACKGROUND: The selective lignin-degrading white-rot fungi are regarded to be the best lignin degraders and have been widely used for reducing the saccharification recalcitrance of lignocellulose. However, the biological delignification and conversion of lignocellulose in biorefinery is still limited. It is necessary to develop novel and more efficient bio-delignification systems. RESULTS: Physisporinus vitreus relies on a new versatile peroxidase (VP)-based delignification strategy to remove enzymatic recalcitrance of corn stover efficiently, so that saccharification of corn stover was significantly enhanced to 349.1 mg/g biomass (yield of glucose) and 91.5% (hydrolysis yield of cellulose) at 28 days, as high as levels reached by thermochemical treatment. Analysis of the lignin structure using pyrolysis–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (Py–GC/MS) showed that the total abundance of lignin-derived compounds decreased by 54.0% and revealed a notable demethylation during lignin degradation by P. vitreus. Monomeric and dimeric lignin model compounds were used to confirm the ligninolytic capabilities of extracellular ligninases secreted by P. vitreus. The laccase (Lac) from P. vitreus could not oxidize nonphenolic lignin compounds and polymerized β-O-4 and 5-5′ dimers to precipitate which had a negative effect on the enzymatic hydrolysis of corn stover in vitro. However, the VP from P. vitreus could oxidize both phenolic and nonphenolic lignin model compounds as well as break the β-O-4 and 5-5′ dimers into monomeric compounds, which were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization–mass spectrometry (LC–ESI–MS). Moreover, we showed that addition of purified VP in vitro improved the enzymatic hydrolysis of corn stover by 14.1%. CONCLUSIONS: From the highly efficient system of enzymatic recalcitrance removal by new white-rot fungus, we identified a new delignification strategy based on VP which could oxidize both phenolic and nonphenolic lignin units and break different linkages in lignin. In addition, this is the first evidence that VP could break 5-5′ linkage efficiently in vitro. Moreover, VP improved the enzymatic hydrolysis of corn stover in vitro. The remarkable lignin-degradative potential makes VP attractive for biotechnological applications.