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A Putative Gene sbe3-rs for Resistant Starch Mutated from SBE3 for Starch Branching Enzyme in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Yang, Ruifang, Sun, Chunlong, Bai, Jianjiang, Luo, Zhixiang, Shi, Biao, Zhang, Jianming, Yan, Wengui, Piao, Zhongze, Heazlewood, Joshua L.
PLoS ONE 2012 v.7 no.8
1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme, DNA, Oryza sativa, chromosome mapping, chromosomes, colon, crops, crossing, cultivars, diabetes, diarrhea, digestion, disease prevention, exons, foods, genes, marker-assisted selection, microsatellite repeats, missense mutation, mutants, neoplasms, point mutation, public health, resistant starch, rice, sequence analysis
Foods high in resistant starch (RS) are beneficial to prevent various diseases including diabetes, colon cancers, diarrhea and chronic renal or hepatic diseases. Elevated RS in rice is important for public health since rice is a staple food for half of the world population. A japonica mutant ‘Jiangtangdao 1’ (RS = 11.67%) was crossed with an indica cultivar ‘Miyang 23’ (RS = 0.41%). The mutant sbe3-rs that explained 60.4% of RS variation was mapped between RM6611 and RM13366 on chromosome 2 (LOD = 36) using 178 F 2 plants genotyped with 106 genome-wide polymorphic SSR markers. Using 656 plants from four F 3∶4 families, sbe3-rs was fine mapped to a 573.3 Kb region between InDel 2 and InDel 6 using one STS, five SSRs and seven InDel markers. SBE3 which codes for starch branching enzyme was identified as a candidate gene within the putative region. Nine pairs of primers covering 22 exons were designed to sequence genomic DNA of the wild type for SBE3 and the mutant for sbe3-rs comparatively. Sequence analysis identified a missense mutation site where Leu-599 of the wild was changed to Pro-599 of the mutant in the SBE3 coding region. Because the point mutation resulted in the loss of a restriction enzyme site, sbe3-rs was not digested by a CAPS marker for Spe I site while SBE3 was. Co-segregation of the digestion pattern with RS content among 178 F 2 plants further supported sbe3-rs responsible for RS in rice. As a result, the CAPS marker could be used in marker-assisted breeding to develop rice cultivars with elevated RS which is otherwise difficult to accurately assess in crops. Transgenic technology should be employed for a definitive conclusion of the sbe3-rs .