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Excretory/secretory products from two Fasciola hepatica isolates induce different transcriptional changes and IL-10 release in LPS-activated bovine “BOMA” macrophages

Bąska, Piotr, Norbury, Luke James, Zawistowska-Deniziak, Anna, Wiśniewski, Marcin, Januszkiewicz, Kamil
Parasitology research 2017 v.116 no.10 pp. 2775-2782
Fasciola hepatica, animal production, antigens, bile ducts, cattle, excretory-secretory products, gene expression regulation, genes, genetic variation, interleukin-10, interleukin-12, macrophages, parasites, secretion, transcription (genetics), tumor necrosis factor-alpha, zoonoses
Fasciola hepatica are trematodes that reside in the bile ducts of mammals. Infection causes US$3 billion in losses annually in animal production and is considered a zoonosis of growing importance. An under-represented area in F. hepatica research has been the examination of the different immunomodulatory abilities of various parasite isolates on the host immune system. In this paper, this issue was explored, with the bovine macrophage cell line “BOMA”. The cells were matured by LPS treatment and stimulated with excretory/secretory antigens (ES) from two Fasciola hepatica isolates: a laboratory isolate “Weybridge” (Fh-WeyES) and a wild isolate (Fh-WildES). As expected, stimulation with antigen mixtures with highly similar compositions resulted in mild transcriptomic differences. However, there were significant differences in cytokine levels. Compared to Fh-WeyES, exposure to Fh-WildES upregulated 27 and downregulated 30 genes. Fh-ES from both isolates diminished the release of TNF-α, whereas only Fh-WildES decreased IL-10 secretion. Neither Fh-WeyES nor Fh-WildES had an impact on IL-12 release. Our results indicate that various isolates can have different immunomodulatory abilities and impacts on the bovine immune system.