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Untargeted analysis to monitor metabolic changes of garlic along heat treatment by LC–QTOF MS/MS

Molina‐Calle, María, Sánchez de Medina, Verónica, Calderón‐Santiago, Mónica, Priego‐Capote, Feliciano, Luque de Castro, María D.
Electrophoresis 2017 v.38 no.18 pp. 2349-2360
amino acids, carbohydrates, cuisine, electrophoresis, garlic, heat treatment, liquid chromatography, metabolites, organic sulfur compounds, polar compounds, statistical analysis, tandem mass spectrometry
Black garlic is increasing its popularity in cuisine around the world; however, scant information exists on the composition of this processed product. In this study, polar compounds in fresh garlic and in samples taken at different times during the heat treatment process to obtain black garlic have been characterized by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry in high resolution mode. Ninety‐five compounds (mainly amino acids and metabolites, organosulfur compounds, and saccharides and derivatives) were tentatively identified in all the analysed samples and classified as a function of the family they belong to. Statistical analysis of the results allowed establishing that the major changes in garlic occur during the first days of treatment, and they mainly affect to the three representative families. The main pathways involved in the synthesis of the compounds affected by heat treatment, and their evolution during the process were studied.